Turning 40,is considered a milestone in a persons life. From this age onwards, a person’s physical and mental state normally undergoes a variety of changes. The body reacts differently than it did ten years ago, and medical disorders such as diabetes, arthritis, and high blood pressure have become a common topic of conversation among this age group, and this is what we all know as ageing.
Our teeth and gums age just like the rest of our bodies, which is why it’s so vital to maintain them healthy whether you’re 5 or 50!
Our needs change as we get older, and we must ensure that our behaviours evolve as well. However, one thing stays constant: you must continue to have frequent check-ups. Whether you have all of your teeth or dentures, it’s critical that you continue to see a dentist to ensure that your teeth and gums are in the best possible condition.
You may begin now, even if you’ve never seen a dentist before.
Concern for Adults 40-60
Dry mouth / Xerostomia
Saliva, often known as spit, is important for maintaining dental health. Saliva, like blood, aids in the development and maintenance of soft and hard tissues.
Oral health issues such as tooth decay and other oral infections can occur when saliva flow is restricted. Chewing is the most effective strategy to increase saliva production. It causes the salivary glands to compress and discharge saliva.
- Saliva cleans the teeth and gums of food and dirt.
- Helps to moisten and break down food, making it easier to swallow, and improves taste.
- To help prevent cavities and other illnesses, it distributes disease-fighting chemicals throughout your mouth.
- High quantities of calcium, fluoride, and phosphate ions at the tooth surface help to maintain the surface of your teeth robust.
Saliva may include symptoms of health problems in addition to keeping your mouth healthy. Saliva is being explored for its utility in detecting and diagnosing dental disorders and other diseases that could damage your overall health because it shares many qualities with blood. Saliva has shown promise in the identification of breast cancer, oral malignancies, gum disease, and viral hepatitis, according to researchers. Saliva is already being used to screen for HIV.
We all get dry mouth from time to time, but some people have it for a longer period of time. Xerostomia is a condition in which the mouth gets extremely dry, which can make patients more prone to dental problems like tooth decay or make denture wearers uncomfortable. There are a variety of reasons why people develop dry mouth, and there are things you may do to alleviate the condition and prevent dental complications.
Some prescription pharmaceuticals and medicines, particularly those used to treat depression, high blood pressure, and cancer, can induce dry mouth as a side effect. Furthermore, certain medical diseases, such as diabetes, influence the salivary glands, resulting in less saliva production and a dryer mouth.
Xerostomia causes a burning or sore sensation in the mouth, as well as a poor taste. It’s also possible that you’ll have trouble swallowing and speaking. Dentures can become loose and produce uncomfortable spots if you wear them. Make certain you don’t become dehydrated. Drinking a lot of water can help. Doctors might also prescribe artificial saliva as a spray to assist keep the lips moist.
According to the IDA, you should discuss your medications with your doctor to determine if there are any suitable alternatives that are less likely to induce dry mouth. Sucking sweets or chewing gum can help some individuals create more saliva, but make sure they don’t include sugar, as this can lead to dental decay.
We all snore now and then, mainly when we’re sick or have a blocked nose. Snoring, on the other hand, can be a long-term problem for some people, causing both them and their spouses anguish. Dentists may be able to aid in these situations.
When the soft palate and soft tissues in the throat vibrate together, snoring occurs. Throat muscles, like all muscles, relax while sleeping, reducing the size of the airway. A dentist may be able to fit a specific appliance that pulls the lower jaw and tongue forward, keeping the airway open and lowering the likelihood of snoring.
How to Stop Snoring
- Reduce your intake of alcohol or sedatives, and if you smoke, quit.
- Make an effort to lose weight.
- Sleep in a different position.
- Consult your dentist about specific airway-opening devices.
- Consult your doctor or pharmacist about nasal decongestants.
- It’s also a good idea to rule out any underlying medical disorders that might be causing the snoring.
If you suspect you have a snoring problem, consult your dentist.
Sleep apnea is a frequent and serious sleeping problem in which your normal breathing is disrupted while you sleep. Snoring is prevalent among sleep apnea patients, however not all snorers have the condition.
There are two types of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of obstructive sleep apnea. The most common variety is caused by a blockage of airflow while sleeping, which occurs when the soft tissue in the back of the throat compresses. Obesity and other health issues may have a role.
Central sleep apnea is the second type of apnea.
The result of a malfunction with the way the brain communicates with the breathing muscles. The airway is not closed; rather, the brain fails to provide a breath signal to the muscles. Heart failure, brain tumours, brain infections, and stroke are all known to cause this type of sleep apnea.
Men are more prone to acquire sleep apnea than women, although it can affect anyone at any age. Those who are at a higher risk include:
- Over 40 years old and overweight
- If you have a huge tonsil, a large tongue, or a small jaw,
- With a history of sleep apnea in the family,
- Allergies or sinus disorders can cause a nasal blockage caused by a deviated septum.
Sleep apnea, if left untreated, can lead to a variety of health issues, including:
- Blood pressure that is too high
- Heart failure, irregular heartbeat, and heart attack are all symptoms of heart failure.
- Diabetes \sDepression
- ADHD is becoming worse.
- Sleep apnea is treatable.
There are various possibilities:
Changing your sleeping habits. This could just imply that you don’t sleep on your back.
Positive air pressure is maintained continuously (CPAP). This is a device that helps you breathe better as you sleep. While sleeping, the device provides air through the nasal passages, and the air pressure keeps the airway open.
Appliances for the mouth. To keep the airway from compressing, certain oral devices can adjust and support the jaw. Oral appliances have been shown in studies to effectively prevent sleep apnea in some mild to moderate instances.
When other treatment options fail to eliminate the symptoms of sleep apnea, upper airway surgery may be suggested, according to the American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine. The operation may be minimally invasive or more difficult, depending on the location and form of the airway obstruction. Tonsils or other sections of the soft palate or throat may need to be removed.
If you believe you have sleep apnea, the IDA recommends speaking with your doctor or dentist for more information and a possible evaluation.
Gum disease, like tooth decay, is caused by plaque. Plaque can sneak under the gum line and assault the gums, making them red and swollen if it isn’t eliminated by brushing, flossing, or a mouth rinse. When brushing your teeth, you may detect some blood.
Gum disease, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications. The gums may begin to relax, forming ‘pockets’ around the teeth where plaque might accumulate. Plaque will eat away at the bone that supports the tooth over time, which may necessitate the extraction of that tooth.
Gum disorders can be classified into the following categories:
The mildest form of periodontal disease is gingivitis. Gums grow red, swollen, and bleed readily as a result of this condition. At this point, there is usually little to no discomfort. Inadequate oral hygiene is a common cause of gingivitis. Gingivitis is treatable with professional help and basic oral hygiene at home.
Gingivitis can progress to periodontitis if left untreated. Plaque can spread and build below the gum line over time. Gums separate from teeth, resulting in infected pockets (spaces between teeth and gums). The pockets deepen as the disease develops, and more gum tissue and bone are lost.
Periodontitis can take numerous forms. The following are some of the most prevalent.
Patients who are otherwise clinically healthy develop aggressive periodontitis. Rapid attachment loss, bone degeneration, and family aggregation are all common symptoms.
Periodontitis (gum disease) is a type of periodontiti This is the most common type of periodontitis, and it is characterised by pocket formation and/or gingiva recession. It is more common in adults, but it can strike anyone at any age. Attachment loss normally progresses slowly, but there are times when it accelerates.
Periodontitis commonly develops at a young age as a result of systemic disorders. This type of periodontitis is linked to systemic diseases like heart disease, lung disease, and diabetes.
Gingival necrosis, periodontal ligament necrosis, and alveolar bone necrosis are all symptoms of necrotizing periodontal disease. Individuals with systemic diseases such as HIV infection, malnutrition, and immunosuppression are more likely to develop these lesions.
Gum disease is highly widespread in India, with nearly all adults suffering from it in some form, although it is relatively easy to avoid.
Here are some helpful hints:
- Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day.
- Make sure to pay attention to the gum line as well.
- Quit smoking, it makes gum disease even worse.
The IDA advises that you see your dentist on a regular basis. They’ll be able to detect gum disease early on and advise you on how to wash your teeth and floss properly.
Crowns and Bridges
Crowns and the majority of bridges are both fixed prosthetic devices. A crown is a dental restoration that completely covers or “caps” a broken tooth. A crown can be used to improve the appearance, shape, or alignment of a damaged tooth in addition to reinforcing it. On top of an implant, a crown can be put to offer a tooth-like shape and structure for function. Crowns made of porcelain or ceramic can be color-matched to your natural teeth. Gold and metal alloys, acrylic, and ceramic are some of the other materials used. These alloys are often more durable than porcelain and may be used on the rear teeth. Because porcelain linked to a metal shell is both sturdy and appealing, it is frequently employed.
A crown may be recommended by your dentist if you have one of the following problems:
- Replace a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth remaining to protect a weak tooth from fracturing
- Restore a fractured tooth
- Attach a bridge
- Cover a dental implant
- Cover a tooth that is discoloured or badly shaped, as well as a tooth that has had root canal therapy.
- Bridges are a set of joint crowns that are used to repair one or more missing teeth.
What is the process of making crowns and bridges?
Before a crown or bridge can be created, the tooth (or teeth) must be reduced in size in order for the crown or bridge to fit correctly over it. Your dentist will take an impression of the tooth/teeth after they have been reduced to give an exact mould for the crown or bridge. If porcelain is used, your dentist will choose the right shade of crown or bridge to match the colour of your natural teeth.
A dental lab uses this imprint to create your crown or bridge in the material your dentist specifies. While the permanent crown or bridge is being manufactured, a temporary crown or bridge will be placed to cover the prepared tooth. The temporary crown or bridge is removed once the permanent crown or bridge is ready, and the new crown or bridge is glued over the prepared tooth or teeth.
Once cemented these crowns and bridges do not need any special maintenance or care other than routine maintenance of oral hygiene .
These are long-lasting and sturdy enough to endure normal biting stresses.
Removable dentures are one of the most prevalent methods of tooth replacement. Dentures can either replace a few teeth (partial dentures) or the entire set of teeth (full dentures). Replacement teeth are frequently affixed to pink or gum-colored plastic bases in removable partial dentures. Your dentist will create a partial denture for you based on your needs. A partial denture might have a metal structure with clasps that link to your teeth, or it can have more natural-looking connectors. In some circumstances, precision attachments are used to secure your removable partial denture to your natural teeth. Precision attachments are more aesthetically pleasing than clasps.
Crowns on natural teeth are occasionally necessary to improve the fit of a removable partial denture, and they are usually required with attachments. Partially dentures with precise attachments are typically more expensive than partial dentures with clasps. To determine which type is best for you, speak with your dentist.
Removable dentures have become significantly more convenient to use thanks to modern materials and procedures.
They are lighter, stronger, and more aesthetically pleasing than they were a few years ago, in addition to being one of the most cost-effective ways of replacing teeth.
Keeping your dentures clean
It’s critical to keep your dentures clean if you have them. It’s far easier to look after them than it is to look after your natural teeth because you can pull them out and inspect them to make sure you haven’t left any old food behind.
Follow these basic guidelines to give them the finest clean possible:
- If you clean your denture over a basin of water, it will be less likely to be damaged if you drop it.
- Brush your denture on a daily basis, exactly as you would your natural teeth.
- With soap and water, clean your denture with a soft to medium brush that won’t scratch it.
- Before placing it back in your mouth, make sure you rinse it.
- You can also use a specific solution or tablets to soak your denture.
- Keep in mind that you’ll still need to brush your denture to ensure it’s completely clean.
- Before putting it back in your mouth, you’ll need to rinse it again.
Dental implants are a type of tooth replacement that can be used to replace lost teeth. They look and feel like real teeth because they are placed on posts and put into the jaw during surgery.
Although implants have numerous benefits, they are not appropriate for everyone. You must have healthy gums and be in good physical condition. You’ll also need enough jawbone to support the new teeth and take the posts. Some chronic conditions, including as diabetes, osteoporosis, or chronic sinus problems, might obstruct healing and increase the likelihood of implant failure.
If you opt for implants, you will have surgery twice or more over the course of several months.
The bone in the jaw where the tooth is missing will be exposed by the dentist. He’ll then drill a hole in the bone and install a metal post. A local anaesthetic is frequently used for this procedure. After that, the gum is stitched over the post and permitted to heal for several months while the bone grows around it, securing it.
After this time, a second operation will be performed, in which replacement teeth will be attached to the metal post. A tiny cut in the gum above the implant is required for this procedure. The replacement teeth might be solitary or in a group, and they could be linked to neighbouring natural teeth as a ‘bridge.’ They can be permanently affixed or fastened in such a way that they can be removed for cleaning.
The implantation of a dental implant into a recent extraction site is becoming a more typical method for preserving bone and reducing treatment time. Because the soft tissue envelope is retained, it reduces treatment time and may improve aesthetics. It’s better to leave it up to the dentist to determine whether you’re a candidate for quick implant placement.
According to the IDA, it’s critical to maintain good oral hygiene and see your dentist on a regular basis after surgery.
- Post-operative dangers that need to be addressed right away
- Excessive bleeding
- Flap breakdown
Dental implants have a number of advantages, including:
- The appearance has been improved. Dental implants have the appearance and feel of natural teeth. They are also permanent since they are engineered to merge with bone.
- Speech has improved. The teeth of ill-fitting dentures might slip around in the mouth, causing you to mumble or slur your words. Dental implants allow you to speak without fear of your teeth slipping out of place.
- Comfort has improved. Implants minimise the discomfort of removable dentures since they become a part of you.
- Easier to eat. Chewing can be challenging with sliding dentures. Dental implants work in the same way as natural teeth do, allowing you to consume your favourite foods with confidence and pain-free.
- Self-esteem has improved. Dental implants can help you regain your smile and improve your self-esteem.
- Oral health has improved. Unlike a tooth-supported bridge, dental implants do not necessitate the reduction of neighbouring teeth. Because surrounding teeth aren’t changed to support the implant, more of your natural teeth are preserved, which improves your long-term oral health. Individual implants also improve dental hygiene by allowing simpler access between teeth.
- Implants are extremely long-lasting and will last for many years. Many implants can last a lifetime with proper care.
- Removable dentures are exactly that: they may be taken out. Dental implants do away with the embarrassment of removing dentures and the necessity for sticky adhesives to keep them in place.
Cancer is a disease in which there are:
- Body cell multiplication that is abnormal and uncontrolled.
- Cancer starts in one organ or portion of the body.
- A collection of mutated cells that travel through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to infiltrate other regions of the body.
- The disease manifests as a tumour, which is a collection of mutated cells that form a tissue.
- Everyone is at risk, regardless of gender or age.
- A multi-factorial cause with various disease processes at different locations.
Oropharyngeal cancer can affect the lips, gum tissue, check lining, tongue, jaw, hard or soft palate, and throat, among other areas of the oropharyngeal cavity. It usually begins as a small white or red spot, sore, or swelling in the mouth or throat that goes unnoticed.
The following are some of the signs and symptoms of mouth or throat cancer:
- Easily bleedable or non-healing sores
- A bulge or a thick or firm place
- An area that has been roughened or crusty.
- Tenderness, numbness, or discomfort
- When you bite down, your teeth fit together differently.
- Any issues chewing, swallowing, speaking, or moving your tongue or jaw should be reported to your dentist.
Regular dental examinations, which include a full mouth examination, are critical in the early diagnosis of malignant and pre-cancerous disorders.
Oral cancer is linked to the following risk factors:
Tobacco usage is responsible for the majority of oral cancers. Oral cancer has been related to smoking cigarettes, cigars, or pipes, chewing tobacco, and dipping snuff. Oral cancer may also be increased by the use of other tobacco products (such as bidis). Heavy smokers who have been smoking for a long period are the most vulnerable. Tobacco users who consume a lot of alcohol are at an even higher risk. In reality, those who use alcohol, tobacco, or both alcohol and cigarettes are more likely to get oral cancer.
Alcohol: People who consume alcohol have a higher risk of developing oral cancer than those who do not. The danger rises in proportion to the amount of alcohol consumed. If a person consumes both alcohol and smoke, the risk increases even higher.
Exposure to the sun can lead to lip cancer. Using a sunscreen-containing lotion or lip balm can help to lessen the risk. A brimmed hat can also protect you from the sun’s damaging rays. If a person smokes, the risk of developing lip cancer increases.
Your dentist can discuss your medical history with you and evaluate these regions for signs of mouth and/or throat cancer during your dental visit.
Regular dental appointments, according to the IDA, might increase the likelihood that any abnormal changes in your oral health will be detected early, when cancer can be treated more effectively. If you live a high-risk lifestyle, see your dentist on a frequent basis.
Diabetes is a long-term condition that impairs your body’s capacity to metabolise sugar. High blood sugar levels can cause difficulties with your eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart, and other body organs. Diabetes lowers your resistance to infection and slows your recovery time.
If you have diabetes, you’re more likely to acquire various oral health issues. The following are the most prevalent oral health issues related with diabetes:
According to recent study, the link between gum disease and diabetes is bidirectional. On the one hand, gum disease appears to be more common and severe in diabetics due to lowered resistance and a prolonged healing phase. On the other hand, research appears that treating gum disease in diabetics can help them control their blood sugar levels.
Fungal infections. Because diabetes weakens your immune system, you’re more likely to get fungal infections. Symptoms include painful sores and swallowing difficulties. Consult your dentist if you get a fungal infection.
Infection and delayed healing: Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection if you are having major oral surgery. Keep your blood glucose levels under control before, during, and after surgery to aid the healing process.
If you have diabetes, tell your dentist before getting treatment. A diabetic’s dental visits must be scheduled on a regular basis.